Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) occurs when animals pose a direct and recurring threat to the livelihood or safety of people, leading to the persecution of that species. Retaliation against the species blamed often ensues, leading to conflict about what should be done to remedy the situation.
Human-wildlife conflict is one of the most pressing threats to biodiversity conservation and achievement of sustainable development. These conflicts threaten the healthy co-existence of people and wildlife and undermine conservation efforts. Collaboration across disciplines and sectors is needed in this to address human-wildlife conflicts world-wide.
© 2023 IUCN SSC Human-Wildlife Conflict & Coexistence Specialist Group
Photo credits: The images used throughout this website have been provided by J. Stevens, A. Zimmermann, Z. Morris-Trainor, S. Roy, B. Daniels, J. de Speville, A. Pino / ACB Pro Carnívoros, Assam Haathi Project and Chester Zoo